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Bank of Israel imposes new restrictions on mortgages


Banks to be required to allocate more capital against their housing credit portfolios

by Adi Ben -Israel

The Bank of Israel said it is imposing new restrictions on mortgages amid a continued increase in home prices and the value of mortgages, with Supervisor of Banks David Zaken distributing a draft guideline to the banks calling for a larger capital cushion against the mortgages they grant to homebuyers.

“The draft guideline is being published in light of the continued growth in housing credit and its proportion of the total banking credit portfolio,” the Bank of Israel said Sunday. “
The aim of the guideline is to enlarge the capital cushion that the banking system allocates against its housing-credit portfolio, because of the rise in the risks inherent in this portfolio, and thereby strengthen the banks ability to absorb unexpected losses, and reinforce financial stability in general.”

The guideline states that, beyond the targets set by the Supervisor of Banks for Tier 1 capital for banking corporations (9% by 2015 and 10% by 2017 for the two largest banks), the lenders will have to increase their   capital by an amount representing 1% of their credit for housing. Implementation will be in stages, with the date set for meeting the capital target determined in the guideline being January 1, 2017 

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Own a Hi-Tech company? This info. is for you


Bennett unveils revamped aid program for tech industry

National technology innovation authority to offer loans, investments

By Yuval Azulai & Gali Weinreb

The Ministries of Finance and the Economy last week announced a reform in the Office of the Chief Scientist aimed at facilitating state support for entrepreneurship and innovation that will center around the establishment of a national authority for technological innovation with a wider range of tools for providing aid to companies and entrepreneurs.

“The reform constitutes a revolution that is taking place for the first time after 20 years of the Office of the Chief Scientist”, said Minister of the Economy Naftali Bennet. “It will shorten processes and provide the right toolbox for enhancing Israeli innovation and bolstering economic growth. Together with the Angels Law, the reform will release a huge amount of energy into the Israeli high-tech market” 

Bennett said “the tools now available to the Chief Scientist are like an old-fashioned dial phone in the iPhone 6 era,” adding that as an ex-high tech CEO, he didn’t use the tools then offered by the Chief Scientist because they weren’t suitable for his company. “With the coming reform, the Office of the Chief  Scientist will operate at a sector 20-25 years ahead into the future in Israel through its flexibility and the diverse and up-to-date facilities it offers.”

the authority is slated to begin operating in 2016 as an operational arm of the Office of the Chief Scientist with Chief Scientist Avi Hasson serving as its chairman. The authority also will have a director general, while its board of directors will be composed of representatives of the Ministries of Finance and Economy and 3 representatives from industry.

Hasson, Bennett and Minister of Finance Yair Lapid have been promoting the reform for the past year because they believe the Office of the Chief Scientist’s existing tools no longer are fulfilling the actual needs of companies and entrepreneurs engaged in innovation.

While current assistance is mainly in the form of support through grants, when the new authority begins operating, the state will be able to support innovative ventures, among other things, through equity investment, guarantees, and loans.

If, hypothetically, it is necessary to establish activity in genetic research, after the reform, the state will be able to invest $5 million to accompany a $25 million;n investment by a foreign investor. In the current situation, the government has no tools for supporting such a  venture, because it will take the government 2 years to approve the program. We’ve got to be a lot quicker Bennett told “Globes.”

Hasson said the new authority would be statutory and would be able to take action on industry’s needs “quickly and effectively.””We’ve built a system of balances and brakes to preserve the governments goals with a wise, flexible and innovative policy according to standards adapted to the sophistication and innovativeness of the industry we are serving. The Israeli high-tech industry, with its impressive achievements over the past 20 years that have made Israel one of the world’s leading centers of innovation, is in an alarming slowdown, and significant measures are therefore necessary to restart it.”

The plan will be presented at the socioeconomic cabinet meeting next Sunday, after which it will be brought before the Knesset as part of the Economic Arrangements Bill submitted by the government.

Before the program can be implemented, a change in the current Research and Development Law also is necessary. the budget of the Office of the Chief Scientist currently totals almost NIS  1.5 billion.The authority itself will be budgeted by the state, and future royalties paid by companies that have received aid will go to the state.

At the same time, Bennett told “Globes” he was acting to increase the Chief Scientist’s 2015 budget, adding that , as part of comprehensive staff work he had led with a team on the subject, he consulted leading high-tech figures in an attempt to identify the current gaps.

Several dozen Ministry of the Economy employees slated to work in the framework of the new authority object to the new program, however, as does the Manufacturers Association of Israel, which has  expressed reservations about it on Sunday.

“We welcome any measure that will improve the way the government system works,” said Manufacturers Association CEO Amir Hayek. “In this case, however, the proposal includes an injection of funds designated for industry into venture-capital funds whose goal is to maximize their profits in the short and medium term, and certainly not the development of advanced and sustainable industry in Israel. We’ll get an innovation authority, but there’s a major risk that it will contribute to innovation, but not in Israel.”


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New home sales down 21.7% in first half of 2014


The number of new home sales was down 24% in Jerusalem and 20% in Tel Aviv.

The number of new homes sold in Israel in the first half of 2014 was down 21.7%, the Central Bureau of Statistics reports.

In July the number of new apartments was 2,530 of which 1,450 were sold to the public and 1,080 remained unsold.

52% of new apartments were built on privately-owned land. The number of new apartments built in the first half of 2014 was 20.6% lower than in the corresponding period of 2013.

During that period there were falls in all the country’s regions – about 25% in the central district, 24% in the Jerusalem district, 23% in the southern district, 20% in the Tel Aviv district, 17% in the Haifa district, and 5% in the northern district.

Of the 11,690 homes sold to the public in the first half of 2014, about 9,320 homes were built privately and 2,370 homes by public companies.

Published by Globes [online], Israel business news – www.globes-online.com – on August 28, 2014

© Copyright of Globes Publisher Itonut (1983) Ltd. 2014